The Six Common Cons You Should Avoid

Romance

Romance scammers cruise online dating websites, posting hundreds of messages a day.
After weeks of cyber sweet talk tailored to potential victims’ responses, schemers inevitably request money — typically via wire transfer — saying they need it for a plane ticket to come visit or to deal with some personal emergency.

See also: Proceed with caution — online dating tips

Charity

When help is needed, older people are often among the first to open their hearts and wallets. This helps make them the group most vulnerable to scams feigning aid for veterans, needy or sick children, or victims of a recent disaster, says Bennett Weiner of the BBB Wise Giving Alliance.

See also: 7 ways to spot fake charities after a disaster

Most over-the-transom email solicitations for donations are fraudulent. Never give credit card information to telephone or front- door solicitors. Stick with reputable charities whose names you’ve known for years.

Grandparents

After gathering names and other details about family members from obituaries, social media and ancestry websites, scammers call, often in the wee hours.

See also: Swear off scammers

They claim to be beloved grandchildren who’ve been arrested or hospitalized — often while traveling — and need immediate money.

Don’t believe it.

Or, at least call the grandchild or parents before heading to Western Union.

Grandparents of college-aged young people are the most frequent targets, reporting losses exceeding $110 million a year.

Home Repair

Unscrupulous contractors arrive unexpected at your front door, claiming to have noticed necessary repairs while driving by.

See also: Avoiding door-to-door sales scams

Some demand upfront payment for materials and then run off with the money. Others do shoddy work like applying used motor oil to recoat driveways.

Some make legitimate repairs for outrageous prices.

Perhaps the worst are “woodchucks.” They might initially trim trees or clean gutters, but they continue to recommend more repairs until you’re bled dry by them or their “specialist” buddies.

Health Care

The come-on may be an offer of free medical supplies, a threat of losing Medicare coverage or a promise of better sex with low-cost Viagra.

See also: Help fight health care fraud

The result can be old-fashioned financial fraud or a specialized variant, medical identity theft, in which impostors get health care services under your name, leaving you with the tab.

People 65 and older are prized targets because of Medicare benefits.

In view of continuing public misconceptions about how the Affordable Care Act works, experts predicted health care scams would become an epidemic beginning in 2014.

Investment

These come in many forms: Some are free-lunch seminars hawking questionable financial products or legitimate ones with long hold” periods that are unsuitable for older investors.

Others are pitches from cold-calling telemarketers for “no risk” investments in precious metals or penny stocks.

See also: Can you spot investment fraud?

Losses can be particularly high: Older investors who fell for the bait were out an average of $140,500 each, a study found.